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The Academic Word List (AWL)The 570 headwords, and other forms, by level

AWL word cloud

This page describes the Academic Word List (AWL), giving information on what the AWL is, as well as a complete list of all words in the AWL. The list is rather static. More dynamic tools for understanding and using the AWL words can be found in other sections of the website, namely the AWL highlighter and gapfill maker, AWL tag cloud and gapfill maker and the AWL finder.


For another look at the same content, check out the AWL infographic ».


What is the AWL?

The Academic Word List (AWL), developed by Averil Coxhead at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, contains 570 word families which frequently appear in academic texts, but which are not contained in the General Service List (GSL). Research has shown that the AWL covers 10% of words in academic texts; if you are familiar with words in the GSL (which covers around 80% of words in texts), you would have knowledge of approximately 90% of words in academic texts. The words in the AWL are not connected with any particular subject, meaning they are useful for all students.


The 570 word families of the AWL are divided into 10 lists (called sublists) according to how frequent they are. Sublist 1 has the most frequent word families, sublist 2 the next most frequent word families, up to sublist 10, which has the least frequent. Each sublist contains 60 word families, except for sublist 10, which only has 30.


The list below contains all 570 headwords in the AWL, along with sublist number, and related word forms. All words contain hyperlinks to the Wordnet dictionary, hosted on this site (definitions open in an alert box on the same page).


There is a downloadable copy of this list, with study guidance, in the vocabulary resources section.

The Academic Word List


Headword    Sublist    Related word forms   
analyse1analysed, analyser, analysers, analyses, analysing, analysis, analyst, analysts, analytic, analytical, analytically, analyze, analyzed, analyzes, analyzing
approach1approachable, approached, approaches, approaching, unapproachable
area1areas
assess1assessable, assessed, assesses, assessing, assessment, assessments, reassess, reassessed, reassessing, reassessment, unassessed
assume1assumed, assumes, assuming, assumption, assumptions
authority1authoritative, authorities
available1availability, unavailable
benefit1beneficial, beneficiaries, beneficiary, benefited, benefiting, benefits
concept1conception, concepts, conceptual, conceptualisation, conceptualise, conceptualised, conceptualises, conceptualising, conceptually
consist1consisted, consistency, consistent, consistently, consisting, consists, inconsistencies, inconsistency, inconsistent
constitute1constituencies, constituency, constituent, constituents, constituted, constitutes, constituting, constitution, constitutional, constitutionally, constitutions, constitutive, unconstitutional
context1contexts, contextual, contextualise, contextualised, contextualising, contextualize, contextualized, contextualizing, uncontextualised, uncontextualized
contract1contracted, contracting, contractor, contractors, contracts
create1created, creates, creating, creation, creations, creative, creatively, creativity, creator, creators, recreate, recreated, recreates, recreating
data1
define1definable, defined, defines, defining, definition, definitions, redefine, redefined, redefines, redefining, undefined
derive1derivation, derivations, derivative, derivatives, derived, derives, deriving
distribute1distributed, distributing, distribution, distributional, distributions, distributive, distributor, distributors, redistribute, redistributed, redistributes, redistributing, redistribution
economy1economic, economical, economically, economics, economies, economist, economists, uneconomical
environment1environmental, environmentalist, environmentalists, environmentally, environments
establish1disestablish, disestablished, disestablishes, disestablishing, disestablishment, established, establishes, establishing, establishment, establishments
estimate1estimated, estimates, estimating, estimation, estimations, over-estimate, overestimate, overestimated, overestimates, overestimating, underestimate, underestimated, underestimates, underestimating
evident1evidence, evidenced, evidential, evidently
export1exported, exporter, exporters, exporting, exports
factor1factored, factoring, factors
finance1financed, finances, financial, financially, financier, financiers, financing
formula1formulae, formulas, formulate, formulated, formulating, formulation, formulations, reformulate, reformulated, reformulating, reformulation, reformulations
function1functional, functionally, functioned, functioning, functions
identify1identifiable, identification, identified, identifies, identifying, identities, identity, unidentifiable
income1incomes
indicate1indicated, indicates, indicating, indication, indications, indicative, indicator, indicators
individual1individualised, individualism, individualist, individualistic, individualists, individuality, individually, individuals
interpret1interpretation, interpretations, interpretative, interpreted, interpreting, interpretive, interprets, misinterpret, misinterpretation, misinterpretations, misinterpreted, misinterpreting, misinterprets, reinterpret, reinterpretation, reinterpretations, reinterpreted, reinterpreting, reinterprets
involve1involved, involvement, involves, involving, uninvolved
issue1issued, issues, issuing
labour1labor, labored, labors, laboured, labouring, labours
legal1illegal, illegality, illegally, legality, legally
legislate1legislated, legislates, legislating, legislation, legislative, legislator, legislators, legislature
major1majorities, majority
method1methodical, methodological, methodologies, methodology, methods
occur1occurred, occurrence, occurrences, occurring, occurs, reoccur, reoccurred, reoccurring, reoccurs
percent1percentage, percentages
period1periodic, periodical, periodically, periodicals, periods
policy1policies
principle1principled, principles, unprincipled
proceed1procedural, procedure, procedures, proceeded, proceeding, proceedings, proceeds
process1processed, processes, processing
require1required, requirement, requirements, requires, requiring
research1researched, researcher, researchers, researches, researching
respond1responded, respondent, respondents, responding, responds, response, responses, responsive, responsiveness, unresponsive
role1roles
section1sectioned, sectioning, sections
sector1sectors
significant1insignificant, insignificantly, significance, significantly, signified, signifies, signify, signifying
similar1dissimilar, similarities, similarity, similarly
source1sourced, sources, sourcing
specific1specifically, specification, specifications, specificity, specifics
structure1restructure, restructured, restructures, restructuring, structural, structurally, structured, structures, structuring, unstructured
theory1theoretical, theoretically, theories, theorist, theorists
vary1invariable, invariably, variability, variable, variables, variably, variance, variant, variants, variation, variations, varied, varies, varying
achieve2achievable, achieved, achievement, achievements, achieves, achieving
acquire2acquired, acquires, acquiring, acquisition, acquisitions
administrate2administrates, administration, administrations, administrative, administratively, administrator, administrators
affect2affected, affecting, affective, affectively, affects, unaffected
appropriate2appropriacy, appropriately, appropriateness, inappropriacy, inappropriate, inappropriately
aspect2aspects
assist2assistance, assistant, assistants, assisted, assisting, assists, unassisted
category2categories, categorisation, categorise, categorised, categorises, categorising, categorization, categorized, categorizes, categorizing
chapter2chapters
commission2commissioned, commissioner, commissioners, commissioning, commissions
community2communities
complex2complexities, complexity
compute2computable, computation, computational, computations, computed, computer, computerised, computers, computing
conclude2concluded, concludes, concluding, conclusion, conclusions, conclusive, conclusively, inconclusive, inconclusively
conduct2conducted, conducting, conducts
consequent2consequence, consequences, consequently
construct2constructed, constructing, construction, constructions, constructive, constructs, reconstruct, reconstructed, reconstructing, reconstruction, reconstructs
consume2consumed, consumer, consumers, consumes, consuming, consumption
credit2credited, crediting, creditor, creditors, credits
culture2cultural, culturally, cultured, cultures, uncultured
design2designed, designer, designers, designing, designs
distinct2distinction, distinctions, distinctive, distinctively, distinctly, indistinct, indistinctly
element2elements
equate2equated, equates, equating, equation, equations
evaluate2evaluated, evaluates, evaluating, evaluation, evaluations, evaluative, re-evaluate, re-evaluated, re-evaluates, re-evaluating, re-evaluation
feature2featured, features, featuring
final2finalise, finalised, finalises, finalising, finality, finalize, finalized, finalizes, finalizing, finally, finals
focus2focused, focuses, focusing, focussed, focussing, refocus, refocused, refocuses, refocusing, refocussed, refocusses, refocussing
impact2impacted, impacting, impacts
injure2injured, injures, injuries, injuring, injury, uninjured
institute2instituted, institutes, instituting, institution, institutional, institutionalise, institutionalised, institutionalises, institutionalising, institutionalized, institutionalizes, institutionalizing, institutionally, institutions
invest2invested, investing, investment, investments, investor, investors, invests, reinvest, reinvested, reinvesting, reinvestment, reinvests
item2itemisation, itemise, itemised, itemises, itemising, items
journal2journals
maintain2maintained, maintaining, maintains, maintenance
normal2abnormal, abnormally, normalisation, normalise, normalised, normalises, normalising, normality, normalization, normalize, normalized, normalizes, normalizing, normally
obtain2obtainable, obtained, obtaining, obtains, unobtainable
participate2participant, participants, participated, participates, participating, participation, participatory
perceive2perceived, perceives, perceiving, perception, perceptions
positive2positively
potential2potentially
previous2previously
primary2primarily
purchase2purchased, purchaser, purchasers, purchases, purchasing
range2ranged, ranges, ranging
region2regional, regionally, regions
regulate2deregulated, deregulates, deregulating, deregulation, regulated, regulates, regulating, regulation, regulations, regulator, regulators, regulatory, unregulated
relevant2irrelevance, irrelevant, relevance
reside2resided, residence, resident, residential, residents, resides, residing
resource2resourced, resourceful, resources, resourcing, under-resourced, unresourceful
restrict2restricted, restricting, restriction, restrictions, restrictive, restrictively, restricts, unrestricted, unrestrictive
secure2insecure, insecurities, insecurity, secured, securely, secures, securing, securities, security
seek2seeking, seeks, sought
select2selected, selecting, selection, selections, selective, selectively, selector, selectors, selects
site2sites
strategy2strategic, strategically, strategies, strategist, strategists
survey2surveyed, surveying, surveys
text2texts, textual
tradition2non-traditional, traditional, traditionalist, traditionally, traditions
transfer2transferable, transference, transferred, transferring, transfers
alternative3alternatively, alternatives
circumstance3circumstances
comment3commentaries, commentary, commentator, commentators, commented, commenting, comments
compensate3compensated, compensates, compensating, compensation, compensations, compensatory
component3componentry, components
consent3consensus, consented, consenting, consents
considerable3considerably
constant3constancy, constantly, constants, inconstancy, inconstantly
constrain3constrained, constraining, constrains, constraint, constraints, unconstrained
contribute3contributed, contributes, contributing, contribution, contributions, contributor, contributors
convene3convened, convenes, convening, convention, conventional, conventionally, conventions, unconventional
coordinate3co-ordinate, co-ordinated, co-ordinates, co-ordinating, co-ordination, co-ordinator, co-ordinators, coordinated, coordinates, coordinating, coordination, coordinator, coordinators
core3cored, cores, coring
corporate3corporates, corporation, corporations
correspond3corresponded, correspondence, corresponding, correspondingly, corresponds
criteria3criterion
deduce3deduced, deduces, deducing, deduction, deductions
demonstrate3demonstrable, demonstrably, demonstrated, demonstrates, demonstrating, demonstration, demonstrations, demonstrative, demonstratively, demonstrator, demonstrators
document3documentation, documented, documenting, documents
dominate3dominance, dominant, dominated, dominates, dominating, domination
emphasis3emphasise, emphasised, emphasising, emphasize, emphasized, emphasizes, emphasizing, emphatic, emphatically
ensure3ensured, ensures, ensuring
exclude3excluded, excludes, excluding, exclusion, exclusionary, exclusionist, exclusions, exclusive, exclusively
framework3frameworks
fund3funded, funder, funders, funding, funds
illustrate3illustrated, illustrates, illustrating, illustration, illustrations, illustrative
immigrate3immigrant, immigrants, immigrated, immigrates, immigrating, immigration
imply3implied, implies, implying
initial3initially
instance3instances
interact3interacted, interacting, interaction, interactions, interactive, interactively, interacts
justify3justifiable, justifiably, justification, justifications, justified, justifies, justifying, unjustified
layer3layered, layering, layers
link3linkage, linkages, linked, linking, links
locate3located, locating, location, locations, relocate, relocated, relocates, relocating, relocation
maximise3max, maximisation, maximised, maximises, maximising, maximization, maximize, maximized, maximizes, maximizing, maximum
minor3minorities, minority, minors
negate3negated, negates, negating, negative, negatively, negatives
outcome3outcomes
partner3partners, partnership, partnerships
philosophy3philosopher, philosophers, philosophical, philosophically, philosophies, philosophise, philosophised, philosophises, philosophising, philosophize, philosophized, philosophizes, philosophizing
physical3physically
proportion3disproportion, disproportionate, disproportionately, proportional, proportionally, proportionate, proportionately, proportions
publish3published, publisher, publishers, publishes, publishing, unpublished
react3reacted, reacting, reaction, reactionaries, reactionary, reactions, reactivate, reactivation, reactive, reactor, reactors, reacts
register3deregister, deregistered, deregistering, deregisters, deregistration, registered, registering, registers, registration
rely3reliability, reliable, reliably, reliance, reliant, relied, relies, relying, unreliable
remove3removable, removal, removals, removed, removes, removing
scheme3schematic, schematically, schemed, schemes, scheming
sequence3sequenced, sequences, sequencing, sequential, sequentially
sex3sexes, sexism, sexual, sexuality, sexually
shift3shifted, shifting, shifts
specify3specifiable, specified, specifies, specifying, unspecified
sufficient3insufficient, insufficiently, sufficiency, sufficiently
task3tasks
technical3technically
technique3techniques
technology3technological, technologically
valid3invalidate, invalidity, validate, validated, validating, validation, validity, validly
volume3volumes
access4accessed, accesses, accessibility, accessible, accessing, inaccessible
adequate4adequacy, adequately, inadequacies, inadequacy, inadequate, inadequately
annual4annually
apparent4apparently
approximate4approximated, approximately, approximates, approximating, approximation, approximations
attitude4attitudes
attribute4attributable, attributed, attributes, attributing, attribution
civil4
code4coded, codes, coding
commit4commitment, commitments, commits, committed, committing
communicate4communicable, communicated, communicates, communicating, communication, communications, communicative, communicatively, uncommunicative
concentrate4concentrated, concentrates, concentrating, concentration
confer4conference, conferences, conferred, conferring, confers
contrast4contrasted, contrasting, contrastive, contrasts
cycle4cycled, cycles, cyclic, cyclical, cycling
debate4debatable, debated, debates, debating
despite4
dimension4dimensional, dimensions, multidimensional
domestic4domestically, domesticate, domesticated, domesticating, domestics
emerge4emerged, emergence, emergent, emerges, emerging
error4erroneous, erroneously, errors
ethnic4ethnicity
goal4goals
grant4granted, granting, grants
hence4
hypothesis4hypotheses, hypothesise, hypothesised, hypothesises, hypothesising, hypothesize, hypothesized, hypothesizes, hypothesizing, hypothetical, hypothetically
implement4implementation, implemented, implementing, implements
implicate4implicated, implicates, implicating, implication, implications
impose4imposed, imposes, imposing, imposition
integrate4integrated, integrates, integrating, integration
internal4internalise, internalised, internalises, internalising, internalize, internalized, internalizes, internalizing, internally
investigate4investigated, investigates, investigating, investigation, investigations, investigative, investigator, investigators
job4jobs
label4labeled, labeling, labelled, labelling, labels
mechanism4mechanisms
obvious4obviously
occupy4occupancy, occupant, occupants, occupation, occupational, occupations, occupied, occupier, occupiers, occupies, occupying
option4optional, options
output4outputs
overall4
parallel4paralleled, parallelled, parallelling, parallels, unparalleled
parameter4parameters
phase4phased, phases, phasing
predict4predictability, predictable, predictably, predicted, predicting, prediction, predictions, predicts, unpredictability, unpredictable
principal4principally
prior4
professional4professionalism, professionally, professionals
project4projected, projecting, projection, projections, projects
promote4promoted, promoter, promoters, promotes, promoting, promotion, promotions
regime4regimes
resolve4resolution, resolved, resolves, resolving, unresolved
retain4retained, retainer, retainers, retaining, retains, retention, retentive
series4
statistic4statistical, statistically, statistician, statisticians, statistics
status4
stress4stressed, stresses, stressful, stressing, unstressed
subsequent4subsequently
sum4summation, summed, summing, sums
summary4summaries, summarisation, summarisations, summarise, summarised, summarises, summarising, summarization, summarizations, summarize, summarized, summarizes, summarizing
undertake4undertaken, undertakes, undertaking, undertook
academy5academia, academic, academically, academics, academies
adjust5adjusted, adjusting, adjustment, adjustments, adjusts, readjust, readjusted, readjusting, readjustment, readjustments, readjusts
alter5alterable, alteration, alterations, altered, altering, alternate, alternating, alters, unalterable, unaltered
amend5amended, amending, amendment, amendments, amends
aware5awareness, unaware
capacity5capacities, incapacitate, incapacitated
challenge5challenged, challenger, challengers, challenges, challenging
clause5clauses
compound5compounded, compounding, compounds
conflict5conflicted, conflicting, conflicts
consult5consultancy, consultant, consultants, consultation, consultations, consultative, consulted, consulting, consults
contact5contactable, contacted, contacting, contacts
decline5declined, declines, declining
discrete5discretely, discretion, discretionary, indiscrete, indiscretion
draft5drafted, drafting, drafts, redraft, redrafted, redrafting, redrafts
enable5enabled, enables, enabling
energy5energetic, energetically, energies
enforce5enforced, enforcement, enforces, enforcing
entity5entities
equivalent5equivalence
evolve5evolution, evolutionary, evolutionist, evolutionists, evolved, evolves, evolving
expand5expanded, expanding, expands, expansion, expansionism, expansive
expose5exposed, exposes, exposing, exposure, exposures
external5externalisation, externalise, externalised, externalises, externalising, externality, externalization, externalize, externalized, externalizes, externalizing, externally
facilitate5facilitated, facilitates, facilitating, facilitation, facilitator, facilitators, facilities, facility
fundamental5fundamentally
generate5generated, generates, generating
generation5generations
image5imagery, images
liberal5liberalisation, liberalise, liberalised, liberalises, liberalising, liberalism, liberalization, liberalize, liberalized, liberalizes, liberalizing, liberally, liberate, liberated, liberates, liberating, liberation, liberations, liberator, liberators
licence5licences, license, licensed, licenses, licensing, unlicensed
logic5illogical, illogically, logical, logically, logician, logicians
margin5marginal, marginally, margins
medical5medically
mental5mentality, mentally
modify5modification, modifications, modified, modifies, modifying, unmodified
monitor5monitored, monitoring, monitors, unmonitored
network5networked, networking, networks
notion5notions
objective5objectively, objectivity
orient5orientate, orientated, orientates, orientating, orientation, oriented, orienting, orients, reorient, reorientation
perspective5perspectives
precise5imprecise, precisely, precision
prime5primacy
psychology5psychological, psychologically, psychologist, psychologists
pursue5pursued, pursues, pursuing, pursuit, pursuits
ratio5ratios
reject5rejected, rejecting, rejection, rejections, rejects
revenue5revenues
stable5instability, stabilisation, stabilise, stabilised, stabilises, stabilising, stability, stabilization, stabilize, stabilized, stabilizes, stabilizing, unstable
style5styled, styles, styling, stylise, stylised, stylises, stylish, stylising, stylize, stylized, stylizes, stylizing
substitute5substituted, substitutes, substituting, substitution
sustain5sustainability, sustainable, sustained, sustaining, sustains, sustenance, unsustainable
symbol5symbolic, symbolically, symbolise, symbolised, symbolises, symbolising, symbolism, symbolize, symbolized, symbolizes, symbolizing, symbols
target5targeted, targeting, targets
transit5transited, transiting, transition, transitional, transitions, transitory, transits
trend5trends
version5versions
welfare5
whereas5
abstract6abstraction, abstractions, abstractly, abstracts
accurate6accuracy, accurately, inaccuracies, inaccuracy, inaccurate
acknowledge6acknowledged, acknowledgement, acknowledgements, acknowledges, acknowledging
aggregate6aggregated, aggregates, aggregating, aggregation
allocate6allocated, allocates, allocating, allocation, allocations
assign6assigned, assigning, assignment, assignments, assigns, reassign, reassigned, reassigning, reassigns, unassigned
attach6attached, attaches, attaching, attachment, attachments, unattached
author6authored, authoring, authors, authorship
bond6bonded, bonding, bonds
brief6brevity, briefed, briefing, briefly, briefs
capable6capabilities, capability, incapable
cite6citation, citations, cited, cites, citing
cooperate6co-operate, co-operated, co-operates, co-operation, co-operative, co-operatively, cooperated, cooperates, cooperating, cooperation, cooperative, cooperatively
discriminate6discriminated, discriminates, discriminating, discrimination
display6displayed, displaying, displays
diverse6diversely, diversification, diversified, diversifies, diversify, diversifying, diversity
domain6domains
edit6edited, editing, edition, editions, editor, editorial, editorials, editors, edits
enhance6enhanced, enhancement, enhances, enhancing
estate6estates
exceed6exceeded, exceeding, exceeds
expert6expertise, expertly, experts
explicit6explicitly
federal6federation, federations
fee6fees
flexible6flexibility, inflexibility, inflexible
furthermore6
gender6genders
ignorant6ignorance, ignore, ignored, ignores, ignoring
incentive6incentives
incidence6incident, incidentally, incidents
incorporate6incorporated, incorporates, incorporating, incorporation
index6indexed, indexes, indexing
inhibit6inhibited, inhibiting, inhibition, inhibitions, inhibits
initiate6initiated, initiates, initiating, initiation, initiations, initiative, initiatives, initiator, initiators
input6inputs
instruct6instructed, instructing, instruction, instructions, instructive, instructor, instructors, instructs
intelligent6intelligence, intelligently, unintelligent
interval6intervals
lecture6lectured, lecturer, lecturers, lectures, lecturing
migrate6migrant, migrants, migrated, migrates, migrating, migration, migrations, migratory
minimum6
ministry6ministered, ministerial, ministering, ministries
motive6motivate, motivated, motivates, motivating, motivation, motivations, motives, unmotivated
neutral6neutralisation, neutralise, neutralised, neutralises, neutralising, neutrality, neutralization, neutralize, neutralized, neutralizes, neutralizing
nevertheless6
overseas6
precede6preceded, precedence, precedent, precedes, preceding, unprecedented
presume6presumably, presumed, presumes, presuming, presumption, presumptions, presumptuous
rational6irrational, rationalisation, rationalisations, rationalise, rationalised, rationalises, rationalising, rationalism, rationality, rationalization, rationalizations, rationalize, rationalized, rationalizes, rationally
recover6recoverable, recovered, recovering, recovers, recovery
reveal6revealed, revealing, reveals, revelation, revelations
scope6
subsidy6subsidiary, subsidies, subsidise, subsidised, subsidises, subsidising, subsidize, subsidized, subsidizes, subsidizing
tape6taped, tapes, taping
trace6traceable, traced, traces, tracing
transform6transformation, transformations, transformed, transforming, transforms
transport6transportation, transported, transporter, transporters, transporting, transports
underlie6underlay, underlies, underlying
utilise6utilisation, utilised, utiliser, utilisers, utilises, utilising, utilities, utility, utilization, utilize, utilized, utilizes, utilizing
adapt7adaptability, adaptable, adaptation, adaptations, adapted, adapting, adaptive, adapts
adult7adulthood, adults
advocate7advocacy, advocated, advocates, advocating
aid7aided, aiding, aids, unaided
channel7channelled, channelling, channels
chemical7chemically, chemicals
classic7classical, classics
comprehensive7comprehensively
comprise7comprised, comprises, comprising
confirm7confirmation, confirmed, confirming, confirms
contrary7contrarily
convert7conversion, conversions, converted, convertible, converting, converts
couple7coupled, couples, coupling
decade7decades
definite7definitely, definitive, indefinite, indefinitely
deny7deniable, denial, denials, denied, denies, denying, undeniable
differentiate7differentiated, differentiates, differentiating, differentiation
dispose7disposable, disposal, disposed, disposes, disposing
dynamic7dynamically, dynamics
eliminate7eliminated, eliminates, eliminating, elimination
empirical7empirically, empiricism
equip7equipment, equipped, equipping, equips
extract7extracted, extracting, extraction, extracts
file7filed, files, filing
finite7infinite, infinitely
foundation7foundations
globe7global, globalisation, globalization, globally
grade7graded, grades, grading
guarantee7guaranteed, guaranteeing, guarantees
hierarchy7hierarchical, hierarchies
identical7identically
ideology7ideological, ideologically, ideologies
infer7inference, inferences, inferred, inferring, infers
innovate7innovated, innovates, innovating, innovation, innovations, innovative, innovator, innovators
insert7inserted, inserting, insertion, inserts
intervene7intervened, intervenes, intervening, intervention, interventions
isolate7isolated, isolates, isolating, isolation, isolationism
media7
mode7modes
paradigm7paradigms
phenomenon7phenomena, phenomenal
priority7priorities, prioritisation, prioritise, prioritised, prioritises, prioritising, prioritization, prioritize, prioritized, prioritizes, prioritizing
prohibit7prohibited, prohibiting, prohibition, prohibitions, prohibitive, prohibits
publication7publications
quote7quotation, quotations, quoted, quotes, quoting
release7released, releases, releasing
reverse7irreversible, reversal, reversals, reversed, reverses, reversible, reversing
simulate7simulated, simulates, simulating, simulation
sole7solely
somewhat7
submit7submission, submissions, submits, submitted, submitting
successor7succession, successions, successive, successively, successors
survive7survival, survived, survives, surviving, survivor, survivors
thesis7theses
topic7topical, topics
transmit7transmission, transmissions, transmits, transmitted, transmitting
ultimate7ultimately
unique7uniquely, uniqueness
visible7invisibility, invisible, visibility, visibly
voluntary7voluntarily, volunteer, volunteered, volunteering, volunteers
abandon8abandoned, abandoning, abandonment, abandons
accompany8accompanied, accompanies, accompaniment, accompanying, unaccompanied
accumulate8accumulated, accumulates, accumulating, accumulation
ambiguous8ambiguities, ambiguity, unambiguous, unambiguously
append8appended, appendices, appending, appendix, appendixes, appends
appreciate8appreciable, appreciably, appreciated, appreciates, appreciating, appreciation, unappreciated
arbitrary8arbitrarily, arbitrariness
automate8automated, automates, automatic, automatically, automating, automation
bias8biased, biases, biasing, unbiased
chart8charted, charting, charts, uncharted
clarify8clarification, clarified, clarifies, clarifying, clarity
commodity8commodities
complement8complementary, complemented, complementing, complements
conform8conformability, conformable, conformance, conformation, conformed, conforming, conformist, conformists, conformity, conforms, non-conformist, non-conformists, non-conformity, nonconformist, nonconformists, nonconformity
contemporary8contemporaries
contradict8contradicted, contradicting, contradiction, contradictions, contradictory, contradicts
crucial8crucially
currency8currencies
denote8denotation, denotations, denoted, denotes, denoting
detect8detectable, detected, detecting, detection, detective, detectives, detector, detectors, detects
deviate8deviated, deviates, deviating, deviation, deviations
displace8displaced, displacement, displaces, displacing
drama8dramas, dramatic, dramatically, dramatisation, dramatisations, dramatise, dramatised, dramatises, dramatising, dramatist, dramatists, dramatization, dramatizations, dramatize, dramatized, dramatizes, dramatizing
eventual8eventuality, eventually
exhibit8exhibited, exhibiting, exhibition, exhibitions, exhibits
exploit8exploitation, exploited, exploiting, exploits
fluctuate8fluctuated, fluctuates, fluctuating, fluctuation, fluctuations
guideline8guidelines
highlight8highlighted, highlighting, highlights
implicit8implicitly
induce8induced, induces, inducing, induction
inevitable8inevitability, inevitably
infrastructure8infrastructures
inspect8inspected, inspecting, inspection, inspections, inspector, inspectors, inspects
intense8intensely, intenseness, intensification, intensified, intensifies, intensify, intensifying, intension, intensity, intensive, intensively
manipulate8manipulated, manipulates, manipulating, manipulation, manipulations, manipulative
minimise8minimised, minimises, minimising, minimize, minimized, minimizes, minimizing
nuclear8
offset8offsets, offsetting
paragraph8paragraphing, paragraphs
plus8pluses
practitioner8practitioners
predominant8predominance, predominantly, predominate, predominated, predominates, predominating
prospect8prospective, prospects
radical8radically, radicals
random8randomly, randomness
reinforce8reinforced, reinforcement, reinforcements, reinforces, reinforcing
restore8restoration, restored, restores, restoring
revise8revised, revises, revising, revision, revisions
schedule8reschedule, rescheduled, reschedules, rescheduling, scheduled, schedules, scheduling, unscheduled
tense8tensely, tenser, tensest, tension, tensions
terminate8terminal, terminals, terminated, terminates, terminating, termination, terminations
theme8thematic, thematically, themes
thereby8
uniform8uniformity, uniformly
vehicle8vehicles
via8
virtual8virtually
visual8visualisation, visualise, visualised, visualising, visualization, visualize, visualized, visualizing, visually
widespread8
accommodate9accommodated, accommodates, accommodating, accommodation
analogy9analogies, analogous
anticipate9anticipated, anticipates, anticipating, anticipation, unanticipated
assure9assurance, assurances, assured, assuredly, assures, assuring
attain9attainable, attained, attaining, attainment, attainments, attains, unattainable
behalf9
bulk9bulky
cease9ceased, ceaseless, ceases, ceasing
coherent9coherence, coherently, incoherent, incoherently
coincide9coincided, coincidence, coincidences, coincident, coincidental, coincides, coinciding
commence9commenced, commencement, commences, commencing, recommenced, recommences, recommencing
compatible9compatibility, incompatibility, incompatible
concurrent9concurrently
confine9confined, confines, confining, unconfined
controversy9controversial, controversially, controversies, uncontroversial
converse9conversely
device9devices
devote9devoted, devotedly, devotes, devoting, devotion, devotions
diminish9diminished, diminishes, diminishing, diminution, undiminished
distort9distorted, distorting, distortion, distortions, distorts
duration9
erode9eroded, erodes, eroding, erosion
ethic9ethical, ethically, ethics, unethical
format9formats, formatted, formatting
found9founded, founder, founders, founding, unfounded
inherent9inherently
insight9insightful, insights
integral9
intermediate9
manual9manually, manuals
mature9immature, immaturity, maturation, maturational, matured, matures, maturing, maturity
mediate9mediated, mediates, mediating, mediation
medium9
military9
minimal9minimalisation, minimalise, minimalised, minimalises, minimalising, minimalist, minimalistic, minimalists, minimalization, minimalize, minimalized, minimalizes, minimalizing, minimally
mutual9mutually
norm9norms
overlap9overlapped, overlapping, overlaps
passive9passively, passivity
portion9portions
preliminary9preliminaries
protocol9protocols
qualitative9qualitatively
refine9refined, refinement, refinements, refines, refining
relax9relaxation, relaxed, relaxes, relaxing
restrain9restrained, restraining, restrains, restraint, restraints, unrestrained
revolution9revolutionaries, revolutionary, revolutionise, revolutionised, revolutionises, revolutionising, revolutionist, revolutionists, revolutionize, revolutionized, revolutionizes, revolutionizing, revolutions
rigid9rigidities, rigidity, rigidly
route9routed, routes, routing
scenario9scenarios
sphere9spheres, spherical, spherically
subordinate9subordinates, subordination
supplement9supplementary, supplemented, supplementing, supplements
suspend9suspended, suspending, suspends, suspension
team9teamed, teaming, teams
temporary9temporarily
trigger9triggered, triggering, triggers
unify9unification, unified, unifies, unifying
violate9violated, violates, violating, violation, violations
vision9visions
adjacent10
albeit10
assemble10assembled, assembles, assemblies, assembling, assembly
collapse10collapsed, collapses, collapsible, collapsing
colleague10colleagues
compile10compilation, compilations, compiled, compiles, compiling
conceive10conceivable, conceivably, conceived, conceives, conceiving, inconceivable, inconceivably
convince10convinced, convinces, convincing, convincingly, unconvinced
depress10depressed, depresses, depressing, depression
encounter10encountered, encountering, encounters
enormous10enormity, enormously
forthcoming10
incline10inclination, inclinations, inclined, inclines, inclining
integrity10
intrinsic10intrinsically
invoke10invoked, invokes, invoking
levy10levies
likewise10
nonetheless10
notwithstanding10
odd10odds
ongoing10
panel10panelled, panelling, panels
persist10persisted, persistence, persistent, persistently, persisting, persists
pose10posed, poses, posing
reluctance10reluctant, reluctantly
so-called10
straightforward10
undergo10undergoes, undergoing, undergone, underwent
whereby10


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Sheldon Smith

Author: Sheldon Smith    ‖    Last modified: 12 September 2019.

Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of EAPFoundation.com. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn.



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