Physical Health vocabulary


Watch the video on physical health, then answer the questions below. There is also additional reading, and a full list of words at the end.

Duration: 10.41 Published: 27 Feb, 2022 View on YouTube »» View on Youku »»

Exercise 1


Exercise 2

Answer the following questions (next question will be shown after you have answered the one before).


Exercise 3



Below is a reading passage containing many of the words or phrases from the video. Some other useful words or phrases are also highlighted. Key:
            words/phrases from the video;
            other useful words/phrases.

Biology in Action: Obesity

With obesity at high rates in the United States, there is a public health focus on reducing obesity and associated health risks, which include diabetes, colon and breast cancer, and cardiovascular disease. How does the food consumed contribute to obesity?

Fatty foods are calorie-dense, meaning that they have more calories per unit mass than carbohydrates or proteins. One gram of carbohydrates has four calories, one gram of protein has four calories, and one gram of fat has nine calories. Animals tend to seek lipid-rich food for their higher energy content. Greater amounts of food energy taken in than the body’s requirements will result in storage of the excess in fat deposits.

Excess carbohydrate is used by the liver to synthesize glycogen. When glycogen stores are full, additional glucose is converted into fatty acids. These fatty acids are stored in adipose tissue cells—the fat cells in the mammalian body whose primary role is to store fat for later use.

The rate of obesity among children is rapidly rising in the United States. To combat childhood obesity and ensure that children get a healthy start in life, in 2010 First Lady Michelle Obama launched the Let’s Move! campaign. The goal of this campaign is to educate parents and caregivers on providing healthy nutrition and encouraging active lifestyles in future generations. This program aims to involve the entire community, including parents, teachers, and healthcare providers to ensure that children have access to healthy foods—more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains—and consume fewer calories from processed foods. Another goal is to ensure that children get physical activity. With the increase in television viewing and stationary pursuits such as video games, sedentary lifestyles have become the norm.

Source: Concepts of Biology, Chapter 16 | The Body’s Systems, an OpenStax text book by Rice University. Download for free at

List of words

Below is a list of words/phrases from the video, with part of speech and other information. Key:
            the word (or both words of a collocation) is in the list, or is mid-frequency;
            one word of a collocation is in the list or is mid-frequency, but the other is not.

Mid-frequency means 4k to 9k in the BNC/COCA list, i.e. words 3001-9000. Collocations are listed first.

Word/phrasePart of speechRelated words/notesACLAWLAVLMSVLMAWLMAVLFreq
cardiovascular diseaseadj + n7k/2k
high levelsadj + n1k/1k
increased riskadj + n2k/2k
physical activityadj + n2k/2k
premature deathadj + n5k/1k
consumptionnconsume (adj)3k
contributev+ to2k
dietndietary (adj)2k
linkedv+ed+ to/with3k
obesitynobese (adj)6k


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Physical health

Study 20 words and phrases related to mental health, such as diet, physical activity, cardiovascular disease and obesity.



Watch the videos to understand word meaning and usage.


Check your word knowledge with interactive exercises


See the words in context with additional, authentic texts.


Improve your writing by using the words and collocations.

Sheldon Smith

Author: Sheldon Smith    ‖    Last modified: 08 March 2022.

Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn.

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