Writing skills Hedging, describing data, etc.


This section covers various skills needed for good academic writing, which are not covered elsewhere on the site.


Hedging

Hedging

Hedging, also called cautious language, is a way of softening the language by making the claims or conclusions less absolute.

Hedging, also called cautious language, is a way of softening the language by making the claims or conclusions less absolute.
Describing data

Describing data

Describing data from graphs, tables or other sources requires certain grammar and vocabulary structures.

Describing data from graphs, tables or other sources requires certain grammar and vocabulary structures.
Writing numbers

Writing numbers

Understand when to use numbers in academic writing and when to use numerals, and some exceptions to the rule.

Understand when to use numbers in academic writing and when to use numerals, and some exceptions to the rule.
Using complex grammar

Using complex grammar

Good writing requires an appropriate mix of different types of sentence, using both simple and complex grammar (e.g. noun clauses, adjective clauses and adverbial clauses).

Good writing requires an appropriate mix of different types of sentence, using both simple and complex grammar (e.g. noun clauses, adjective clauses and adverbial clauses).
Using passive voice

Using passive voice

Academic writing is more objective than ordinary writing, and uses a greater amount of passive voice (e.g. noun clauses, adjective clauses and adverbial clauses).

Academic writing is more objective than ordinary writing, and uses a greater amount of passive voice (e.g. noun clauses, adjective clauses and adverbial clauses).
Avoiding plagiarism

Avoiding plagiarism

Academic writers need to use material from other writers to support their own ideas. Failure to integrate this material appropriately can lead to plagiarism, and avoiding plagiarism is therefore a key academic skill.

Academic writers need to use material from other writers to support their own ideas. Failure to integrate this material appropriately can lead to plagiarism, and avoiding plagiarism is therefore a key academic skill.


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Sheldon Smith

Author: Sheldon Smith    ‖    Last modified: 28 April 2020.

Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of EAPFoundation.com. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn.



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