AWL Sublist 1, Quiz #4economy, environment, establish, estimate, evident, export

About the quiz

awlquiz0104

This is the fourth quiz in the Unlock the Academic Word List series. This quiz covers the fourth set of six words from sublist 1 of the Academic Word List, namely: economy, environment, establish, estimate, evident, export. If you haven't studied the words before, below is all the information you need, including part of speech, example sentences, and common collocations from the Academic Collocation List (ACL). Start studying them now!


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Learning Outcomes

By completing each quiz in the Unlock the Academic Wordlist series, sublist 1 (10 quizzes in total), you will:

  • understand the meaning(s) of each sublist 1 word in academic use;
  • learn to use vocabulary productively by focusing on word form, word family and example sentences for each word;
  • use collocations from the Academic Collocations List (ACL) to develop knowledge of academic collocations for each word;
  • learn patterns of affixes (prefixes and suffixes) for the words under study, e.g. to make noun or adjective forms.




economy

[ɪkɑnəmi]


noun

1. the system of production and distribution and consumption. [Syn: economic system]

2. the efficient use of resources. E.g.: economy of effort


n (thing)

   economics, economy

n (person)

   economist

adj

   economic, economical

adv

   economically

opposite

   uneconomical


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: economic activity, economic affairs, economic analysis, economic benefits, economic change, economic conditions, economic consequences, economic context, economic crisis, economic exploitation, economic factors, economic forces, economic goal, economic growth, economic inequality, economic integration, economic interests, economic policy, economic power, economic prosperity, economic reform, economic relations, economic relationships, economic resources, economic sector, economic stability, economic status, economic structure, economic success, economic system, economic theory, economic value, economic welfare, advanced economy, capitalist economy, global economy, local economy, national economy, political economy, rural economy.




environment

[ɪnvaɪrənmənt]


noun

1. the area in which something exists or lives. [Syn: environs, surroundings, surround]


n (thing)

   environment

n (person)

   environmentalist

adj

   environmental

adv

   environmentally


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: external environment, immediate environment, natural environment, physical environment, political environment, social environment, urban environment, environmental changes, environmental concern, environmental consequences, environmental damage, environmental degradation, environmental effects, environmental factors, environmental impact, environmental issues, environmental policy, environmental pollution, environmental protection.




establish

[ɪstæblɪʃ]


verb

1. build or establish something abstract. [Syn: build]

2. use as a basis for; found on. [Syn: base, ground, found]

3. establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment. [Syn: prove, demonstrate, show, shew]


n (thing)

   establishment

verb

   establish

verb forms

   established, establishes, establishing

adj

   established

other

   disestablish, disestablishment


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: established order, established practice, established principle.

adv+adj: long established, newly established.

adv+vpp: (be) clearly established, (be) firmly established, (be) well established, once established.




estimate

[estəmət]


verb

1. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time). E.g.: I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds [Syn: gauge, approximate, guess, judge]


noun

1. an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth. E.g.: an estimate of what it would cost [Syn: estimation, approximation, idea]

2. a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody. E.g.: many factors are involved in any estimate of human life [Syn: estimation]


n (thing)

   estimate, estimation

verb

   estimate

verb forms

   estimated, estimates, estimating

adj

   estimated

other

   overestimate, underestimate





evident

[evədənt]


adj

1. capable of being seen or noticed. E.g.: a clearly evident erasure in the manuscript [Syn: discernible, observable]

2. clearly apparent or obvious to the mind or senses. E.g.: evident hostility [Syn: apparent, manifest, patent, plain]


n (thing)

   evidence

adj

   evidenced, evident, evidential

adv

   evidently


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: ample evidence, anecdotal evidence, available evidence, clear evidence, compelling evidence, considerable evidence, convincing evidence, direct evidence, documentary evidence, empirical evidence, experimental evidence, further evidence, historical evidence, little evidence, recent evidence, scientific evidence, strong evidence, substantial evidence, sufficient evidence, supporting evidence.

adv+adj: (be) particularly evident, clearly evident.

v+n: find evidence, give evidence, present evidence, provide evidence, show evidence.




export

[ekspɔrt]


verb

1. sell or transfer abroad. E.g.: we export less than we import and have a negative trade balance

2. cause to spread in another part of the world. E.g.: The Russians exported Marxism to Africa


noun

1. commodities (goods or services) sold to a foreign country. [Syn: exportation]


n (thing)

   export

n (person)

   exporter

verb

   export

verb forms

   exported, exporting, exports





Definitions taken from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved. THIS SOFTWARE AND DATABASE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND PRINCETON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, BUT NOT LIMITATION, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT- ABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR THAT THE USE OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE, DATABASE OR DOCUMENTATION WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY THIRD PARTY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS.

Pronunciation of words is adapted from The Carnegie Mellon University Pronouncing Dictionary.







Sheldon Smith

Author: Sheldon Smith    ‖    Last modified: 06 October 2020.

Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of EAPFoundation.com. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn.



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