AWL Sublist 1, Quiz #3contract, create, data, define, derive, distribute

About the quiz

awlquiz0103

This is the third quiz in the Unlock the Academic Word List series. This quiz covers the third set of six words from sublist 1 of the Academic Word List, namely: contract, create, data, define, derive, distribute. If you haven't studied the words before, below is all the information you need, including part of speech, example sentences, and common collocations from the Academic Collocation List (ACL). Start studying them now!


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Learning Outcomes

By completing each quiz in the Unlock the Academic Wordlist series, sublist 1 (10 quizzes in total), you will:

  • understand the meaning(s) of each sublist 1 word in academic use;
  • learn to use vocabulary productively by focusing on word form, word family and example sentences for each word;
  • use collocations from the Academic Collocations List (ACL) to develop knowledge of academic collocations for each word;
  • learn patterns of affixes (prefixes and suffixes) for the words under study, e.g. to make noun or adjective forms.




contract

[kɑntrækt]


verb

1. make smaller. E.g.: The heat contracted the woollen garment

2. make or become more narrow or restricted. [Syn: narrow]

3. compress or concentrate. [Syn: condense, concentrate]


n (thing)

   contract

n (person)

   contractor

verb

   contract

verb forms

   contracted, contracting, contracts

adj

   contracted





create

[krieɪt]


verb

1. make or cause to be or to become. E.g.: create a furor [Syn: make]

2. create or manufacture a man-made product. [Syn: produce, make]

3. bring into existence. E.g.: The company was created 25 years ago, He created a new movement in painting


n (thing)

   creation, creativity

n (person)

   creator

verb

   create

verb forms

   created, creates, creating

adj

   creative

adv

   creatively

other

   recreate


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: creative process, creative thinking, creative work.

v+n: create (an) environment, create (an) impression, create (an) opportunity, create conditions, create opportunities, create problems.




data

[deɪtə]


noun

1. a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn. E.g.: statistical data [Syn: information]


n (thing)

   data


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: appropriate data, available data, empirical data, existing data, experimental data, historical data, missing data, numerical data, original data, preliminary data, primary data, qualitative data, quantitative data, raw data, relevant data, reliable data, secondary data, statistical data, online database.

n+n: data gathering, data set, survey data.

v+n: collect data, extract data, gather data, interpret data, obtain data, present data, process data, provide data, record data, report data, store data, transmit data, use (the) data data.




define

[dɪfaɪn]


verb

1. determine the essential quality of. [Syn: specify, delineate, delimit, delimitate]

2. determine the nature of. E.g.: What defines a good wine?

3. give a definition for the meaning of a word.


n (thing)

   definition

verb

   define

verb forms

   defined, defines, defining

adj

   definable, defining

opposite

   undefined

other

   redefine


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: defining characteristic, defining concept, defining feature, broad definition, general definition, narrow definition, precise definition.

adv+vpp: (be) broadly defined, (be) clearly defined.




derive

[dɜraɪv]


verb

1. reason by deduction; establish by deduction. [Syn: deduce, infer, deduct]

2. develop or evolve, especially from a latent or potential state. [Syn: educe]

3. come from. E.g.: The present name derives from an older form


n (thing)

   derivation, derivative

verb

   derive

verb forms

   derived, derives, deriving

adj

   derivative, derived





distribute

[dɪstrɪbjut]


verb

1. make available. E.g.: The publisher wants to distribute the book in Asia

2. be distributed or spread, as in statistical analyses. E.g.: Values distribute

3. spread throughout a given area. E.g.: the function distributes the values evenly

4. distribute or disperse widely. [Syn: spread]


n (thing)

   distribution, distributor

n (person)

   distributor

verb

   distribute

verb forms

   distributed, distributes, distributing

adj

   distributed, distributional, distributive

other

   redistribute, redistributed, redistribution


Collocations from the ACL

adj+n: geographic(al) distribution, normal distribution.




Definitions taken from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved. THIS SOFTWARE AND DATABASE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND PRINCETON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, BUT NOT LIMITATION, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT- ABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR THAT THE USE OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE, DATABASE OR DOCUMENTATION WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY THIRD PARTY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS.

Pronunciation of words is adapted from The Carnegie Mellon University Pronouncing Dictionary.







Sheldon Smith

Author: Sheldon Smith    ‖    Last modified: 06 October 2020.

Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of EAPFoundation.com. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn.



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